De luyen thi dai hoc mon Anh van,Đề luyện thi đại học môn Anh văn 2012
BỘ GIÁO DỤC VÀ ðÀO TẠO
ðỀ THAM KHẢO
ðỀ THI THỬ ðẠI HỌC, CAO ðẲNG 2011
Môn: Tiếng Anh
Thời gian làm bài: 90 phút
I. Read the passage and circle the best option A, B, C, or D to complete the following questions or
Psychologist have debated a long time about whether a child’s upbringing can give it the ability to do
outstandingly well. Some think that it is impossible to develop genius and say that it is simply something
a person is born with. Others, however, argue that the potential for great achievement can be develop.
The truth lies somewhere between these two extremes.
It seems very obvious that being born with the right qualities from gifted parents will increase a child’s
ability to do well. However, this ability will be fully realized only with the right upbringing and
opportunities. As one psychologist says, “To have a fast car, you need both a good engine and fuel.”
Scientists have recently assessed intelligence, achievement, and ability in 50 sets of identical twins that
were separated shortly birth and brought up by different parents. They found that achievement was based
on intelligence, and later influenced by the child’s environment.
One case involving very intelligent twins was quoted. One of the twins received a normal upbringing, and
performed well. The other twin, however, was brought up by extremely supportive parents and given
every possible opportunity to develop its abilities. That twin, though starting out with the same degree of
intelligence as the other, performed even better.
This case reflects the general principle of intelligence and ability. The more favorable the environment,
the more a child’s intelligence and ability are developed. However, there is no link between intelligence
and socioeconomic level of a child’s family. In other words, it does not matter how poor or how rich a
family is, as this does not affect the intelligence.
Gifted people can not be created by supportive parents, but they can be developed by them. One professor
of music said that outstanding musicians usually started two or three years earlier than ordinary
performers, often because their parents had recognized their ability. These musicians then needed at least
ten years’ hard work and training in order to reach the level they were capable of attaining.
People who want to have very gifted children are given the following advice:
- Marry an intelligent person.
- Allow children to follow their own interests rather than the interests of the parents.
- Start a child’s education early but avoid pushing the child too hard.
- Encourage children to play; for example, playing with musical instrument is essential for a child
who wants to become an outstanding musician.
1: When scientists studied intelligence and ability in twins, they found that ______.
A. different twins generally have different levels of ability
B. ability depends mainly on intelligence and achievement
C. intelligence and development are irrelevant to ability
D. ability depends both on intelligence and environment
2: Scientists chose twins for their study because ______.
A. they have the same genetic background, usually with similar intelligence
B. they are born into the same family, hence the same upbringing
C. they have the same economic background and hence the same opportunities
D. each twin has the same environment as his/ her twin
3: How were great musicians different from ordinary musicians in their development?
A. They practice playing their instruments for many years
B. They were exceptionally intelligent and artistic
C. They concentrated on music to the exclusion of other areas
D. Their ability was realized at an early stage and then nurtured
4: The writer advises that gifted children should be allowed to follow ______.
A. only their interests in computer games B. only their interests in musical instruments
C. their own interests D. their parents’ interests
5: When encouraging their gifted children, parents should avoid ______.
A. letting them play their own way B. starting their education at an early age
C. pushing their children too hard D. permitting them to follow their own interests
6: The remark: “To have a fast car, you need both a good engine and fuel.” in the passage means that in
order to become a genius, ______.
A. you need to have good health and good nourishment
B. you need intelligence and you need to develop it
C. you should try to move quickly and efficiently.
D. you must nourish your brain and train your muscles hard
7: The word “favorable” in the passage mostly mean ______.
A. “of high quality or an acceptable standard”
B. “under the control or in the power of somebody else”
C. “good for someone and making him/ her likely to be successful”
D. “helping somebody to be more intelligent compared to the other people”
8: All of the following statements are true EXCEPT ______.
A. a child’s intelligence is influenced by that of his/ her parents
B. studying different twins is useful scientific procedure
C. educational development depends completely on economic well-being
D. to become successful, a child need both native intelligence and development
9: The upbringing of highly intelligent children requires ______.
A. parental support and encouragement B. an expensive education
C. wealthy and loving parents D. good musical instruments
10: The word “others” used in the first paragraph refers to ______.
A. other people B. other scientists C. other geniuses D. other children
II. Read the passage and circle the best option A, B, C, or D to complete the following questions or
Since the world became industrialized, the number of animal species that have either become extinct or
have neared extinction has increased. Bengal tigers, for instance, which once roamed the jungles in vast
numbers, now number only about 2,300. By the year 2025, it is estimated that they will become extinct.
What is alarming about the case of the Bengal tiger is that this extinction will have been caused almost
entirely by poachers who, according to some sources, are not always interested in material gain but in
personal gratification. This is an example of the callousness that is contributing to the problem of
extinction. Animals such as the Bengal tiger, as well as other endangered species, are valuable parts of the
world’s ecosystem. International laws protecting these animals must be enacted to ensure their survival –
and the survival of our planet.
Countries around the world have begun to deal with the problem in various ways. Some countries, in an
effort to circumvent the problem, have allocated large amounts of land to animals reserves. They then
charge admission prices to help defray the costs of maintaining the parks, and they often must also
depend on world organizations for support. This money enables them to invest in equipment and patrols
to protect the animals. Another response to the increase in animal extinction is an international boycott of
products made from endangered species. This has had some effect, but by itself it will not prevent animals
from being hunted and killed.
11: What is the main topic of the passage?
A. Endangered species B. Problems with industrialization
C. The Bengal tiger D. International boycotts
12: The word “poachers” could be best replaced by which of the following?
A. Concerned scientists B. Enterprising researchers
C. Illegal hunters D. Trained hunters
13: The word “callousness” could be best replaced by which of the following?
A. incompetence B. indirectness C. insensitivity D. independence
14: The previous passage is divided into two paragraphs in order to contrast:
A. A comparison and a contrast B. A problem and a solution
C. A statement and an illustration D. Specific and general information
15: What does the word “this” refer to in the passage?
A. Bengal tiger B. Interest in material gain
C. Killing animals for personal satisfaction D. The decrease in the Bengal tiger population
16: Where in the passage does the author discuss a cause of extinction?
A. Lines 4-6 B. Lines 7-9 C. Lines 10-16 D. Lines 1-3
17: Which of the following could best replace the word “allocated”?
A. set aside B. combined C. taken D. organized
18: The word “defray” is closest in meaning to which of the following?
A. make a payment on B. raise
C. lower D. make an investment toward
19: What does the term “international boycott” refer to?
A. A global increase in animal survival
B. A refusal to buy animal products worldwide
C. Defraying the cost of maintaining national parks
D. Buying and selling of animal products overseas
20: Which of the following best describes the author’s attitude?
A. indifferent B. forgiving C. concerned D. surprised
Choose from the four options given (marked A, B, C, or D) one best answer to complete each of the
21: ______ did Arthur realize that there was danger.
A. When he entered the store B. After he had entered the store
C. On entering the store D. Only after entering the store
22: After seeing the movie Centennial, ______.
A. the book made many people want to read it
B. the book was read by many people
C. many people wanted to read the book
D. the reading of the book interested many people
23: Many of the current international problems that we are now facing ______.
A. are the results of misunderstandings.
B. lacks of the intelligent capabilities of understanding each other
C. linguistic incompetences
D. are because of not understanding themselves
24: Le: “I can’t understand how you missed the exit.”
Linh: “Well, it was so dark that ______.”
A. we could see hardly the road signs B. we could see the road signs hardly
C. hardly could we see the road signs D. we could hardly see the road signs
25: George didn’t do well in the class because ______.
A. he was a badly student B. he studied bad
C. he failed to study properly D. he was not good studywise
III. Read the passage and choose one word or phrase marked A, B, C or D that best fits each of the
When you read something in a foreign language, you frequently come across words you do not
(26)______ understand. Sometimes you (27)______ the meaning in a dictionary and sometimes you
guess. The strategy you adopt depends very much upon the (28)______ of accuracy you require and the
time at your disposal.
If you are the sort of person who tends to turn to the dictionary frequently, it is (29)______ remembering
that every dictionary has its limitations. Each definition is only an approximation and one builds up an
accurate picture of the meaning of a word only after meeting it in a (30)______ of contexts. It is also
important to recognize the special dangers of dictionaries that translate from English into your native
language and vice versa. If you must use a dictionary, it is usually far safer to (31)______ an English-
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